Selected scientific publications on diving medicine and physiology.

2015 Dec 1
Cutis Marmorata skin decompression sickness is a manifestation of brainstem bubble embolization, not of local skin bubbles.
Germonpre P, Balestra C, Obeid G, Caers D.

"Cutis Marmorata" skin symptoms after diving, most frequently in the form of an itching or painful cutaneous red-bluish discoloration are commonly regarded as a mild form of decompression sickness (DCS), and treated with oxygen inhalation without reverting to hyperbaric recompression treatment...

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2015 Sep 1
Association of microparticles and neutrophil activation with decompression sickness.
Thom SR, Bennett M, Banham ND, Chin W, Blake DF, Rosen A, Pollock NW, Madden D, Barak O, Marroni A, Balestra C, Germonpre P, Pieri M, Cialoni D, Le PN, Logue C, Lambert D, Hardy KR, Sward D, Yang M, Bhopale VB, Dujic Z.

Decompression sickness (DCS) is a systemic disorder, assumed due to gas bubbles, but additional factors are likely to play a role. Circulating microparticles (MPs)--vesicular structures with diameters of 0.1-1.0 μm--have been implicated, but data in human divers have been lacking...

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2015 Jul 1
Heart rate variability and critical flicker fusion frequency changes during and after parachute jumping in experienced skydivers.
Cavalade, Papadopoulou V, Theunissen S, Balestra C.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was (1) to further explore the heart rate dynamics and assess a potential cardiovascular risk in response to 4000 m jumps in experienced skydivers; (2) to assess whether there is an impact of such jumps on skydivers' cortical arousal or not, which may impact their decision making processes...

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2015 May 1
Decompression induced bubble dynamics on ex vivo fat and muscle tissue surfaces with a new experimental set up
Papadopoulou V, Evgenidis S, Eckersley RJ, Mesimeris T, Balestra C, Kostoglou M, Tang MX, Karapantsios TD.

Vascular gas bubbles are routinely observed after scuba dives using ultrasound imaging, however the precise formation mechanism and site of these bubbles are still debated and growth from decompression in vivo has not been extensively studied, due in part to imaging difficulties...

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2015 Apr 1
Le “Paradoxe de l’Oxygène” un phénomène varié
Balestra C.

L'eau est une matière plurielle et ambivalente. Symboliquement associée à la purification, cause régulière de multiples ravages humains et écologiques, elle est aussi devenue un vaste terrain de jeu, d'expériences corporelles, d'immersions en tous genres. Retenir son souffle pour aller loin, profond, ou simplement rester longtemps immergé, passionne des pratiquants toujours plus nombreux. Il s'agit bien souvent de « se fondre » dans le milieu, repousser ses limites et surtout se reconnecter avec soi-même, explorer son propre corps et se sentir « bien ». L'apprentissage de l'apnée révèle les capacités d'adaptation du corps humain, actualisant des ressources inédites.

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