Selected scientific publications on diving medicine and physiology.

2009 May 1
Bubble Detection on Left Atrium Related With Patent Foramen Ovale
Parlak I.B., Egi S.M., Ademoglu A., Germonpre P., Esen O.B., Aydin S., Tekin S., Balestra C., Marroni A., Ieee

Several illnesses such as paradoxical embolism, decompression sickness, migraine and cerebral ischemia are characterized by bubbles which might cross the septum wall between left and right atrium. In this study, we aimed to detect bubbles on echocardiographic frames which are segmented automatically using Snakes method. In recent studies, analyzes are done on fixed ROIs and PFO grading as well. We conclude that our approach would give more accurate results for bubble detection and counting by taking account into entire left atrium (LA) areas.

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2016 Jan 1
CADDY Project, Year 2: The First Validation Trials
Mišković N., Pascoal A., Bibuli M., Caccia M., Neasham J. A., Birk A., Egi M., Grammer K., Marroni A., Vasilijević A., Vukić Z.

"CADDY - Cognitive Autonomous Diving Buddy" is an FP7 project that that is devoted to developing a cognitive underwater robotic system that will help divers during their activities in this hazardous environment. The envisioned resulting system will play a threefold role similar to those that a human buddy diver should have: buddy "observer", buddy "slave", and buddy "guide". During the second year of the project, validation trials were organized in Croatia with the purpose of testing all developed algorithms that will enable the three roles of the CADDY system. The trials were structured in five experiments. This paper is devoted to providing a concise overview of the conducted experiments and major results.

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2018 Mar 27
Cellular Glucose Uptake During Breath-Hold Diving in Experienced Male Breath-Hold Divers
Sponsiello N., Cialoni D., Pieri M., Marroni A.

Background: The physiological and pathophysiological mechanisms that govern diving, both self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) and breath-hold diving (BH-diving), are in large part well known, even if there are still many unknown aspects, in particular about cell metabolism during BH-diving. The scope of this study was to investigate changes in glycemia, insulinemia, and the catecholamine response to BH-diving, to better understand if the insulin-stimulated glucose uptake mechanism is involved in cellular metabolism in this sport. Methods: Twenty male experienced healthy breath-hold divers were studied. Anthropometric information was obtained. Glycemia, insulinemia, and catecholamine response were investigated before and after the series of BH-diving. Results

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2019 May 1
Clustering of recreational divers by their health conditions in a database of a citizen science project
Ozyigit T, Yavuz C, Egi SM, Pieri M, Balestra C & Marroni A.

Divers Alert Network Europe has created a database with a large amount of dive-related data that has been collected since 1993 within the scope of the Diving Safety Laboratory citizen science project. The main objectives of this study are the grouping divers by their health information and revealing significant differences in diving parameters using data mining techniques. Due to the methodology of the project, data cleaning was performed before applying clustering methods in order to eliminate potential mistakes resulting from inaccuracies and missing information. Despite the fact that 63% of the data were lost during the cleaning phase, the remaining 1,169 "clean" diver data enabled meaningful clustering using the "two-step" method. Experienced male divers without any health problems are in Cluster 1.

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2019 Jan 11
Commercial Divers’ Subjective Evaluation of Saturation
Imbert Jean Pierre, Balestra Costantino, Kiboub Fatima Zohra, Loennechen Øyvind, Eftedal Ingrid

Commercial saturation diving involves divers living and working in an enclosed atmosphere with elevated partial pressure of oxygen (ppO2) for weeks. The divers must acclimatize to these conditions during compression, and for up to 28 days until decompression is completed. During decompression, the ppO2 and ambient pressure are gradually decreased; then the divers must acclimatize again to breathing normal air in atmospheric pressure when they arrive at surface. We investigated 51 saturation divers’ subjective evaluation of the saturation and post-decompression phase via questionnaires and individual interviews.

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