Selected scientific publications on diving medicine and physiology.
2023 Aug 31
Relative Hypoxemia at Depth During Breath-Hold Diving Investigated Through Arterial Blood Gas Analysis and Lung Ultrasound.
Paganini M, Moon RE, Giacon TA, Cialoni D, Martani L, Zucchi L, Garetto G, Talamonti E, Camporesi EM, Bosco G.
Pulmonary gas exchange in breath-hold diving (BHD) consists of a progressive increase in arterial PO2 and PCO2 (PaO2 and PaCO2) during descent. However, recent findings have demonstrated that PaO2 does not consistently rise in all subjects. This study aimed at verifying and explaining PaO2 derangements during BHD analyzing arterial blood gases and searching for pulmonary alterations with lung ultrasound.
Long-term alterations of pulmonary function (mainly decreased airway conductance and capacity of the lungs to diffuse carbon monoxide (DLCO)) have been described after hyperbaric exposures. However, whether these alterations convey a higher risk for divers' safety has never been investigated before.
Oxidative Stress Response Kinetics after 60 Minutes at Different (1.4 ATA and 2.5 ATA) Hyperbaric Hyperoxia Exposures.
Leveque C, Mrakic Sposta S, Theunissen S, Germonpré P, Lambrechts K, Vezzoli A, Bosco G, Lévénez M, Lafère P, Guerrero F, Balestra C.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is a therapeutical approach based on exposure to pure oxygen in an augmented atmospheric pressure. Although it has been used for years, the exact kinetics of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) between different pressures of hyperbaric oxygen exposure are still not clearly evidenced. In this study, the metabolic responses of hyperbaric hyperoxia exposures for 1 h at 1.4 and 2.5 ATA were investigated. Fourteen healthy non-smoking subjects (2 females and 12 males, age: 37.3 ± 12.7 years old (mean ± SD), height: 176.3 ± 9.9 cm, and weight: 75.8 ± 17.7 kg) volunteered for this study.
Supraorbital transcutaneous neurostimulation has sedative effects in healthy subjects
Piquet M, Balestra C, Sava SL, Schoenen JE.
Background: Transcutaneous neurostimulation (TNS) at extracephalic sites is a well known treatment of pain. Thanks to recent technical progress, the Cefaly® device now also allows supraorbital TNS. During observational clinical studies, several patients reported decreased vigilance or even sleepiness during a session of supraorbital TNS. We decided therefore to explore in more detail the potential sedative effect of supraorbital TNS, using standardized psychophysical tests in healthy volunteers.
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