Selected scientific publications on diving medicine and physiology.

2012 Jun 1
The ‘normobaric oxygen paradox’: does it increase haemoglobin?
De Bels D, Theunissen S, Devriendt J, Germonpre P, Lafere P, Valsamis J, Snoeck T, Meeus P & Balestra C.

Background: A novel approach to increasing erythropoietin (EPO) using oxygen (O2) (the 'normobaric oxygen paradox') has been reported in healthy volunteers. We investigated whether the EPO increase is sufficient to induce erythropoiesis by comparing two protocols of O2 administration. Methods: We compared the effect of daily versus alternate days 100% O2, breathed for 30 minutes, on haemoglobin concentrations during a 12-day period. Nine subjects underwent the two protocols six weeks apart.

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2012 Jan 1
P-1359 - The impact of foot reexology on sleep induction in patients suering from sleeping disorders
Véron R, Balestra C, Berlémont C, Lanquart JP & Jurysta F.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to test the impact of foot reflexology (FR) on sleep architecture in patients suffering from sleeping disorders. Aims: Try to improve sleep quality in patients with sleep disorders using the foot reflexology.

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2004 Jan 1
The Fractal approach as a tool to understand asymptomatic brain hyperintense MRI signals
Balestra C., Germonprè P., Marroni A., Farkas B., Peetrons P., Vanderschueren F., Duboc E., Snoeck T.

The prevalence of a Patent Foramen Ovale is described in merely 30% of the asymptomatic population. This patency has been shown to be an increasing risk factor for paradoxical cerebral embolization. Some desaturation or decompression situations in human activities such as scuba diving or altitude flight are prone to provoke embolisations.

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2016 Oct 24
Response: Commentary: Correlation between Patent Foramen Ovale, Cerebral “Lesions” and Neuropsychometric Testing in Experienced Sports Divers: Does Diving Damage the Brain?
Balestra C., Germonpré P.

Nutritional antioxidants have been proposed as an expedient strategy to counter the potentially deleterious effects of scuba diving on endothelial function, flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and heart function. Sixteen volunteers performing a single standard dive (20 min at 33 m) according to US Navy diving procedures were randomly assigned to two groups: one was administered with two doses of 200 mg of an anthocyanins (AC)-rich extract from red oranges, 12 and 4 h before diving. Anthocyanins supplementation significantly modulated the effects of diving on haematocrit, body water distribution and FMD.

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2016 Dec 30
Pre-dive Whole-Body Vibration Better Reduces Decompression-Induced Vascular Gas Emboli than Oxygenation or a Combination of Both
Balestra C., Theunissen S., Papadopoulou V., Le Mener C., Germonpré P., Guerrero F., Lafère P.

Purpose: Since non-provocative dive profiles are no guarantor of protection against decompression sickness, novel means including pre-dive “preconditioning” interventions, are proposed for its prevention. This study investigated and compared the effect of pre-dive oxygenation, pre-dive whole body vibration or a combination of both on post-dive bubble formation.

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