Wetenschappelijke artikelen
Geselecteerde wetenschappelijke artikelen over duikgeneeskunde en -fysiologie
2015 apr 1
Le “Paradoxe de l’Oxygène” un phénomène varié
Balestra C.

L'eau est une matière plurielle et ambivalente. Symboliquement associée à la purification, cause régulière de multiples ravages humains et écologiques, elle est aussi devenue un vaste terrain de jeu, d'expériences corporelles, d'immersions en tous genres. Retenir son souffle pour aller loin, profond, ou simplement rester longtemps immergé, passionne des pratiquants toujours plus nombreux. Il s'agit bien souvent de « se fondre » dans le milieu, repousser ses limites et surtout se reconnecter avec soi-même, explorer son propre corps et se sentir « bien ». L'apprentissage de l'apnée révèle les capacités d'adaptation du corps humain, actualisant des ressources inédites.

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2014 dec 1
Long term effects of recreational SCUBA diving on higher cognitive function
Hemelryck W, Germonpré P, Papadopoulou V, Rozloznik M, Balestra C.

We investigated long-term effects of SCUBA diving on cognitive function using a battery of neuropsychometric tests: the Simple Reaction Time (REA), Symbol Digit Substitution (SDS), Digit Span Backwards (DSB), and Hand-Eye Coordination tests (EYE). A group (n = 44) of experienced SCUBA divers with no history of decompression sickness was compared to non-diving control subjects (n = 37), as well as to professional boxers (n = 24), who are considered at higher risk of long term neurological damage...

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2015 apr 1
L’apnée au service du patient
Balestra C.

L'eau est une matière plurielle et ambivalente. Symboliquement associée à la purification, cause régulière de multiples ravages humains et écologiques, elle est aussi devenue un vaste terrain de jeu, d'expériences corporelles, d'immersions en tous genres. Retenir son souffle pour aller loin, profond, ou simplement rester longtemps immergé, passionne des pratiquants toujours plus nombreux. Il s'agit bien souvent de « se fondre » dans le milieu, repousser ses limites et surtout se reconnecter avec soi-même, explorer son propre corps et se sentir « bien ». L'apprentissage de l'apnée révèle les capacités d'adaptation du corps humain, actualisant des ressources inédites. Elle favorise l'émersion de sensations nouvelles du corps vivant.

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2021 mrt 31
Middle ear barotrauma in diving
Lindfors OH, Raisanen-Sokolowski AK, Suvilehto J & Sinkkonen ST.

Introduction: Middle ear barotrauma (MEBt) is the most common medical complication in diving, posing a serious risk to dive safety. Given this prevalence and the continuing growth of the diving industry, a comprehensive overview of the condition is warranted. Methods: This was a survey study. An anonymous, electronic questionnaire was distributed to 7,060 recipients: professional divers of the Finnish Border Guard, the Finnish Rescue Services, and the Finnish Heritage agency; and recreational divers registered as members of the Finnish Divers' Association reachable by e-mail (roughly two-thirds of all members and recreational divers in Finland). Primary outcomes were self-reported prevalence, clinical characteristics, and health effects of MEBt while diving. Secondary outcomes were adjusted odds ratios (OR) for frequency of MEBt with respect to possible risk factors.

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2021 jan 7
Nitric oxide andoxidative stress changes at depth in breath-hold diving
Danilo Cialoni, Andrea Brizzolari, Michele Samaja, Gerardo Bosco, Matteo Paganini, Massimo Pieri, Valentina Lancellotti, Alessandro Marroni

Background: Several mechanisms allow humans to resist the extreme conditions encountered during breath-hold diving. Available nitric oxide (NO) is one of the major contributors to such complex adaptations at depth and oxidative stress is one of the major collateral effects of diving. Due to technical difficulties, these biomarkers have not so far been studied in vivo while at depth. The aim of this study is to investigate nitrate and nitrite (NOx) concentration, total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and lipid peroxidation (TBARS) before, during, and after repetitive breath-hold dives in healthy volunteers. Materials and Methods: Blood plasma, obtained from 14 expert breath-hold divers, was tested for differences in NOx, TAC, and TBARS between pre-dive, bottom, surface, 30 and 60 min post-dive samples.

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