Selected scientific publications on diving medicine and physiology.

2024 Mar 5
Oxidative Stress and Cerebral Vascular Tone: The Role of Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species
Salvagno M, Sterchele ED, Zaccarelli M, Mrakic-Sposta S, Welsby IJ, Balestra C, Taccone FS

The brain’s unique characteristics make it exceptionally susceptible to oxidative stress, which arises from an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, reactive nitrogen species (RNS) production, and antioxidant defense mechanisms.

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2024 Mar 6
Oxy- Inflammation in Humans during Underwater Activities
Vezzoli A, Mrakic-Sposta S, Brizzolari A, Balestra C, Camporesi EM, Bosco G

Underwater activities are characterized by an imbalance between reactive oxygen/nitrogen species (RONS) and antioxidant mechanisms, which can be associated with an inflammatory response, depending on O2 availability.

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2024 Oca 5
Editorial: Physiological telemonitoring and interventional telemedicine in extreme environments
C. Balestra, G. Bosco, D. Cialoni, J. Kot, R. Pelliccia and A. Marroni

Introduction Telemetric systems, including wearable, implantable, and consumable sensors, allow extensive health-related monitoring not yet available in all conditions to which humans are exposed.

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2024 Oca 8
The effect of a single closed‐circuit rebreather decompression dive in extremely cold water to cardiac function
Laura J. Tuominen, Suvi Tuohinen, Richard V. Lundell, Anne K. Räisänen‑Sokolowski, Tomi Wuorimaa

Purpose: Dive-induced cardiac and hemodynamic changes are caused by various mechanisms, and they are aggravated by cold water. Therefore, aging divers with pre-existing cardiovascular conditions may be at risk of acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, or arrhythmias while diving. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a single decompression CCR dive in arctic cold water on cardiac function in Finnish technical divers.

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2023 Ağu 30
Oxygen Variations—Insights into Hypoxia, Hyperoxia and Hyperbaric Hyperoxia—Is the Dose the Clue?
Balestra C, Mrakic-Sposta S, Virgili F.

Molecular oxygen (O2) is one of the four most important elements on Earth (alongside carbon, nitrogen and hydrogen); aerobic organisms depend on it to release energy from carbon-based molecules.

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